New Testament

Twelve Disciples

0 Comments 02 February 2013

Twelve Apostles

Matthew 10:1-4

1And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. 2Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; 3Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 4Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Mark 3:14-19

14And he ordained twelve, that they should be with him, and that he might send them forth to preach, 15And to have power to heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils: 16And Simon he surnamed Peter; 17And James the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James; and he surnamed them Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder: 18And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite, 19And Judas Iscariot, which also betrayed him: and they went into an house.

Luke 6:13-16

13And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles; 14Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, 15Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, 16And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

John 1:37-45

37And the two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou? 39He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour. 40One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ. 42And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation, A stone. 43The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and findeth Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me. 44Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph

From the above text we have the list (below) of the twelve men called disciples/apostles. 

Matthew:  Simon (who is called Peter)
Mark:                                     Simon he surnamed Peter
Luke:                                                                         Simon, (whom he also named Peter,)
Matthew:  Andrew (his brother)
Mark:                                      Andrew
Luke:                                                                        Andrew (his brother)
Matthew:  James (the son of Zebedee)
Mark:                                       James (the son of Zebedee)
Luke:                                                                         James
Matthew:  John  (the brother of James)
Mark:                                       John (the brother of James) surnamed them Boanerges,
which is, The sons of thunder
Luke:                                                                           John
Matthew:  Philip
Mark:                                       Philip
Luke:                                                                            Philip
Matthew:  Bartholomew
Mark:                                     Bartholomew
Luke:                                                                           Bartholomew   Nathanael  (John 1:45)
Matthew:  Thomas
Mark:                                      Thomas
Luke:                                                                         Thomas
Matthew:  Matthew the publican
Mark:                                       Matthew
Luke:                                                                            Matthew
Matthew:  James  (the son of Alphaeus)
Mark:                                      James (the son of Alphaeus)
Luke:                                                                          James (the son of Alphaeus)
Matthew:   (whose surname was Thaddaeus)
Mark:                                      Thaddaeus
Luke:                                                                           Judas (the brother of James)
Matthew:  Simon (the Canaanite)
Mark:                                      Simon (the Canaanite)
Luke:                                                                            Simon (called Zelotes)
Matthew:  Judas Iscariot (who also betrayed him)
Mark:                                       Judas Iscariot (which also betrayed him)
Luke:                                                                           Judas Iscariot (which also the traitor)

There is another list of the 12 Disciples (minus Judas Iscaroit) in Acts 1:13:

Acts 1 13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James.

Listed below is a small portrait of each man.

Peter

Simon Peter was the brother to Andrew. He was the most outspoken of the disciples. Along with the brothers James and John, he made up the third of the inner circle of Jesus’ closest disciples. He wrote 1 and 2 Peter. His Greek name, Simon, and Aramaic name, Cephas, both mean rock.

After Jesus’ ascension, Peter became the dominant leader of the disciples. Throughout the first part of the book of Acts he is the fiery preacher among the Jews.

Andrew

Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist before he joined with Jesus (John 1:35-40). His brother is Simon Peter, whom he brought to Jesus. They were both fishermen. Jesus met them on the Sea of Galilee (Mark 1:16-18).

James the Elder (or James the Great)

James is one of the two sons of Zebedee. Also known as the sons of thunder. Peter, James and John made up the three closest friends of Jesus. While James seems to be a prominent figure in the personal life of Jesus, we know little about him. When he is mentioned in the Bible, he is always mentioned along with his brother John. He was beheaded by Herod (Acts 12:1, 2).

John the Beloved

John is the brother of James the Elder and son of Zebedee. He was known as the beloved disciple. He wrote the books of John, 1st John, 2nd John, 3rd John and Revelation. He was the last of the apostles to die. Though there were attempts to martyr him, he lived into old age.

Phillip

Like the other disciples (except Matthew), Phillip was a fisherman. He was from the city of Bethsaida (John 1:44).

Bartholomew or Nathanael

Bartholomew, Nathanael was praised by Jesus as being a Jew without guile (John 1:47). Though he was cautious in accepting Jesus as the Christ, it took little time to convince him that Jesus was the Son of God (John 1:49). Tradition says that he was a ministered in Armenia and India. The apostle Bartholomew is said to have been martyred in 68 AD.

Thomas

Today sometimes called Doubting Thomas was also known by his Greek name Didymus. He is known as Doubting Thomas because of his proclamation that he would not believe that Christ had risen unless he could place his fingers in the nail prints of Jesus’ hands and side. Jesus did not criticize Thomas for this. However, Jesus pointed out that though Thomas had the chance to see and touch Jesus, there would be many who would come after Thomas who would believe though they could not see Jesus in the flesh (John 20:24-29.

Matthew

The apostle Matthew, also called Lev (Mark 2:14i, was the son of Alphaeus and the brother of the apostle James the Less, or, James, son of Alphaeus. Matthew, unlike the other disciples who were fishermen, he was a tax collector, also known as a publican. He authored the first book of the New Testament which bears his name. It is believed that Matthew went on several missionary journeys and that he went to Persia and the area in Persia known as Ethiopia. Tradition says that Matthew was martyred in Parthia,

James the Younger (or James the Less)

This James was the son of Alphaeus (mark 3:18). He lived in Galilee and Matthew the tax collector may have been their brother. James was hand-picked by the Lord Jesus to be a disciple. He was present with the 11 apostles in the upper room of Jerusalem after Christ ascended into heaven.

Jude or Thaddeus

He was the brother of James the Younger and the author of the book of Jude. He was known by several names. One is “Judas, not Iscariot.” (John 14:22) Very little is known about him. Jude was believed to be from the tribe of Judah. And after the ascension of Jesus, Jude was one of the first apostles to leave Jerusalem for a foreign country. He was likely martyred there and buried in Kara Kalisa near the Caspian Sea, in modern day Iran. He is not the author of the book of Jude.

Simon the Zealot

This is the other Simon (besides Peter) who was a disciple of Jesus. He was a Caananite (Mark 3:18). Though we don’t know much about him we know that the Zealots were a fanatical Jewish nationalist group. They hated Roman rule and were devoted to Jewish law. Church tradition says that he and the apostle Jude were thought to have preached together in Syria and Mesopotoamia traveling as far as Persia. It is believed that they were martyred there (Simon ws sawn into and Jude martyred with a halberd.

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