Men to search out the land of Canaan.
One from each tribe, a leader in their tribe, heads of Israel (Numbers 13:2-3)
Their commission (13:18-20): be of good courage!
See the land, what it is. Good or Bad, Fat or lean, Wood therein or not,Fruit, bring some back, See the people who dwell therein: strong or weak, few or many and See the cites: Camps or strongholds
They spent 40 days searching out the land (13:25)
Their Report (13:26-29):
- The land floweth with milk and honey, very fruitful. (13:27)
- The people strong. (13:28)
- The cities walled and very great (13:28)
Summary: Caleb said “Let us go up at once and possess it … (13:30) Joshua agreed (14:6).
But the other ten said “We are not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger then we.”
And the congregation (Children of Israel, 11 days out of Egyptian Slavery) cried “Would God that we died in the land of Egypt!”
(14:2) “… and let us return into Egypt.” (14:4) but all the congregation bade stone them with stones (Caleb and Joshua) (14:10)
Who were and what became of these 12 leaders, heads of the tribes of Israel, who searched out the land?
Shammua the son of Zaccur. He voted NO Name means renowned, heard-about
Numbers 13:4 … of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.
Shaphat the son of Hori He voted NO Name means God judges
Numbers 13:5 Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori.
Igal the son of Joseph. He voted NO Name means God redeems.
Numbers 13:7 Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph.
Palti the son of Raphu. He voted NO Name means delivered.
Numbers 13:9 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu.
Gaddiel the son of Sodi. He voted NO Name means fortune of Gad.
Numbers 13:10 Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi.
Gaddi the son of Susi. He voted NO Name means fortunate.
Numbers 13:11 Of the tribe of Joseph, [namely], of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi.
Ammiel the son of Gemalli. He voted NO Name means delivered.
Numbers 13:12 Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli.
Sethur the son of Michael. He voted NO Name means hidden.
Numbers 13:13 Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael.
Nahbi the son of Vophsi. He voted NO Name means concealed, hidden.
Numbers 13:14 Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi.
Geuel the son of Machi. He voted NO Name means majesty of God.
Numbers 13:15 Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.
Caleb the son of Jephunneh He voted YES Name means dog.
Numbers 13:6 Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. (see Life and Times of Caleb)
Hoshea the son of Nun.(Oshea, Joshua) He voted YES (see Life and Times of Joshua)
Hoshea, Oshea means deliverer, salvation . Joshua means Jehovah is salvation.
Numbers 13:8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.
Numbers 13:16 These [are] the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.
Deuteronomy 32:44 And Moses came and spake all the words of this song in the ears of the people, he, and Hoshea the son of Nun.
Other than Caleb and Joshua, there is very little said of these 12 men. They were leaders of their respective tribes, their names had Godly meanings and they were the HOPE of Israel. But they came to a sad end.
Even those men who did bring the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD.
But Joshua, the son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, who were of the men who went to search the land, lived still.